Executive Function

Executive functioning is something we are asked about quite often. Many teachers will refer to executive functioning when discussing a child's ability to organize, plan, and focus.

What are the executive functions?

Executive functions are the skills that we use to organize and act on information. It is quite remarkable to note the number of skills that are used throughout learning with automaticity. These skills are constantly being utilized, combined, and flexed There are eight components of executive function that work together to process and make meaning of information that is learned. Each of those components are broken down into categories.


They are:

1. Attention

-Mental energy controls

-Processing controls

-Production controls


2. Temporal-Sequential Ordering

-Sequential awareness

-Sequential perception

-Sequential memory

-Sequential output

-Time management

-Higher sequential thinking


3. Spatial Ordering

-Spatial awareness

-Spatial perception

-Spatial memory

-Spatial output

-Material management

-Higher order spatial thinking


4. Memory

-Short term memory

-Working memory

-Long term memory


5. Language

-Receptive language

-Expressive language


6. Neuromotor Function

-Gross motor function

-Fine motor function

-Graphomotor function


7. Social Cognition

-Verbal pragmatics

-Social behaviors

-Political acumen


8. Higher Order Cognition

-Concept formation

-Critical thinking

-Creativity brainstorming

-Problem solving

-Rule use

-Reasoning and logical thinking

-Mental representation


Mel Levine writes extensively about these constructs and how they work together while learning. Over the next few weeks look out for tips and strategies for supporting learners with the components that make up executive functioning.



10 views

Recent Posts

See All

Combating Summer Slide

We scared you with some information about the ways that summer vacation can affect students, but there are ways to prevent the summer slide. One way to do this is by building a new skill foundation fo

Summer Slide: What you need to know

Summer slide, learning loss, summer set-backs. There is more than one catchy alliteration for it but, no matter how it is dressed up we definitely don't like it any better. Most commonly referred to a

Memory II

A strategy most recommended for improving memory is the Look, Snap, Connect technique which is when you consciously commit something to memory by "taking a picture" of it with your brain and making a

Chalkdust Incorporated
  • White Instagram Icon
  • White Facebook Icon